Episodic Memory Problems: The Causes and Solutions

problems with episodic memory

There are different kinds of memories depending on how long they are stored or how are they accessed and used. We have sensory memory, short-term memory, long-term memory and also a type of memory called episodic memory. The latter relates to specific moments in time and is composed of sensations, tastes, and even smells that remind us of an event. Episodic memory is responsible for storing and managing our daily lives.

What can be the Causes of Problems with Episodic Memory?

Problems with episodic memory can be caused by injuries to the MTL area of the brain, some forms of mental illness and even by aging, which takes a toll on cognitive abilities. In any case, not being able to remember events that happened as recently as the day before can be quite traumatic for some people.

How to Deal with Episodic Memory Problems?

Some activities can help diminish the symptoms. Journaling can be a very useful tool. Write down what you do during the day. Use a notebook or one of the software applications available and keep track of your daily activities. Take a few minutes every night to review what you wrote and even go back to past days. This will help keep those memories fresh.

Brain games are also useful. Solving puzzles and finding a creative solution to a problem serve as stimulants for the brain. Try games that require you to remember pieces of information or to stay focused on something specific for a period of time.

There has also been some scientific research about how effective therapies like ability training are, but the results are inconclusive.


Injuries that cause damage to the MTL area of the brain or any type of condition that affects the patient’s cognitive skills can cause problems with episodic memory. Thankfully, some therapies can be used in these cases.

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